Renewable energy subsidy policy brewing reform is the ultimate goal is to abolish subsidies
"Economic Reference News" reporter from the September 13th meeting of the "renewable energy law" seminar learned that the current renewable energy development in China is facing more and more challenges, and bear the brunt of abandoned power subsidies, as of the first half of 2016, subsidies for renewable energy gap totaled 55 billion yuan, this year is expected to exceed 60 billion yuan.
Insiders have called for the improvement of the "renewable energy law", adjust the relevant policies. According to reports, the next step will be to strengthen the National People's Congress on the implementation of the renewable energy law supervision, promote the implementation of the spirit of the law, timely amendments to improve the contents of the bill. And the renewable energy electricity price and subsidy policy is also brewing reform, will implement the separation of electricity prices and subsidies, subsidies model into a fixed subsidy, and more inclined to distribute.
As an important milestone in the development of renewable energy in China, "renewable energy law" in January 1, 2006 from the implementation of. "In the form of law to determine the status of renewable energy development, the basic system and policy framework, so that China's renewable energy industry into the fast lane." National energy board new energy and renewable energy secretary Zhu Ming so evaluation.
The National Energy Bureau data show that as of the end of 2015, China's wind power installed capacity of 130 million kilowatts, "12th Five-Year" period the average annual growth of 34.6%, has 4 consecutive years ranked first in the world; the national grid solar power installed capacity of 42 million 180 thousand kilowatts, is 165 times in 2010, has surpassed Germany ranked first in the world. "13th Five-Year" wind power and photovoltaic target is 210 million KW and 150 million KW respectively.
But the development of renewable energy in China is facing more and more challenges. The first priority is to implement the priority system is not in place, the country abandoned abandoned light phenomenon is serious. In the first half of 2016, the country abandoned the wind power 32 billion 600 million kwh, abandoned 3 billion 700 million kwh of light power.
At the same time, the problem of insufficient funds for renewable energy subsidies is also growing. NDRC price department deputy director Zhi Yuqiang said that as of the first half of this year, the subsidy funding gap totaled 55 billion yuan, while the Sixth Batch of renewable energy subsidies will soon be issued to implement directory, will ease some pressure, but with the continuous expansion of the scale of new renewable energy, is expected to exceed 60 billion is likely at the end of the year."
It is understood that China's renewable energy generation implementation of the benchmark price, higher than the local coal-fired unit electricity part, shall be subsidized by the renewable energy development fund, and the fund is the main source of renewable energy tariff, up to now it has increased 5 times, reaching 1.9 cents / kwh.
"Renewable Energy Tariff Theory on 2016 levy additional can reach 80 billion yuan, but the actual levy amount is not so much, is the main power plant stock was large, in place to promote the rapid expansion of the scale, now basically does not pay the government funds." A jade strong admitted that the current real economic downturn, reducing electricity demand is strong, now greatly improve the renewable energy tariff is difficult.
In his view, the "renewable energy law" needs to be further improved, the first to refuse to pay the additional renewable energy act should have clear accountability penalties, legal provisions and subsidies sources are ambiguous provisions of article twentieth of the sources of renewable energy price subsidies to fund additional electricity price, but in the twenty-fourth and the provisions of the fund source the development of renewable energy including the state financial arrangements of special funds, including the additional price, resulting in the actual implementation, the relevant departments unable to agree on which is right.
Guodian deputy general manager Xie Changjun also said that the renewable energy legislation exists some problems, some legal provisions are not perfect, existence of reality, failed to effectively guide the development of renewable energy planning, scientific and reasonable development of the local government at the same time, the lack of environmental legislation clause.
A jade strong said, perfect the current renewable energy tariff policy and subsidy policy adjustments need to be made, consisting of two parts -- the first coal-fired electricity price benchmark price and financial subsidies to be separated, in order to meet the needs of the current electricity market reform. At the same time, the subsidy model into a fixed subsidy, and gradually reduce the standard, while the direction of subsidies will be adjusted, more inclined to distribute. In addition, the promotion of the quota system and the green certificate trading mechanism, through the market to find the subsidy standards, the ultimate goal is to cancel the subsidy.